Publications

Vascular Imaging

  1. Koppara T, Virmani R, Joner M. Optical coherence tomography surveillance following drug-eluting stent implantation.  Minerva Cardioangiol. 2015 Feb;63(1):59-74. Epub 2015 Jan 8.   PMID: 25566936
  2. Kwak BR, Bäck M, Bochaton-Piallat ML, Caligiuri G, Daemen MJ, Davies PF, Hoefer IE, Holvoet P, Jo H, Krams R, Lehoux S, Monaco C, Steffens S, Virmani R, Weber C, Wentzel JJ, Evans PC. Biomechanical factors in atherosclerosis: mechanisms and clinical implications.  Eur Heart J. 2014 Nov 14;35(43):3013-20, 3020a-3020d. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehu353. Epub 2014 Sep 17.  PMID: 25230814
  3. Guagliumi G, Capodanno D, Saia F, Musumeci G, Tarantini G, Garbo R, Tumminello G, Sirbu V, Coccato M, Fineschi M, Trani C, De Benedictis M, Limbruno U, De Luca L, Niccoli G, Bezerra H, Ladich E, Costa M, Biondi Zoccai G, Virmani R; OCTAVIA Trial Investigators. Mechanisms of atherothrombosis and vascular response to primary percutaneous coronary intervention in women versus men with acute myocardial infarction: results of the OCTAVIA study.  JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2014 Sep;7(9):958-68. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2014.05.011. Epub 2014 Aug 13.  PMID: 25129664
  4. Lane JP, Perkins LE, Sheehy AJ, Pacheco EJ, Frie MP, Lambert BJ, Rapoza RJ, Virmani R. Lumen gain and restoration of pulsatility after implantation of a bioresorbable vascular scaffold in porcine coronary arteries.  JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2014 Jun;7(6):688-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2013.11.024. Epub 2014 May 14.  PMID: 24835327
  5. Sanchez OD, Sakakura K, Otsuka F, Yahagi K, Virmani R, Joner M. Expectations and limitations of contemporary intravascular imaging: lessons learned from pathology.  Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2014 May;12(5):601-11. doi: 10.1586/14779072.2014.902749. Epub 2014 Apr 17. Review.  PMID: 24738595
  6. Tahara N, Mukherjee J, de Haas HJ, Petrov AD, Tawakol A, Haider N, Tahara A, Constantinescu CC, Zhou J, Boersma HH, Imaizumi T, Nakano M, Finn A, Fayad Z, Virmani R, Fuster V, Bosca L, Narula J. 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-mannose positron emission tomography imaging in atherosclerosis.  Nat Med. 2014 Feb;20(2):215-9. doi: 10.1038/nm.3437. Epub 2014 Jan 12.
  7. Sheet D, Karamalis A, Eslami A, Noël P, Virmani R, Nakano M, Chatterjee J, Ray AK, Laine AF, Carlier SG, Navab N, Katouzian A. Hunting for necrosis in the shadows of intravascular ultrasound.  Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2014 Mar;38(2):104-12. doi: 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2013.08.002. Epub 2013 Sep 2.
  8. Jia H, Abtahian F, Aguirre AD, Lee S, Chia S, Lowe H, Kato K, Yonetsu T, Vergallo R, Hu S, Tian J, Lee H, Park SJ, Jang YS, Raffel OC, Mizuno K, Uemura S, Itoh T, Kakuta T, Choi SY, Dauerman HL, Prasad A, Toma C, McNulty I, Zhang S, Yu B, Fuster V, Narula J, Virmani R, Jang IK. In vivo diagnosis of plaque erosion and calcified nodule in patients with acute coronary syndrome by intravascular optical coherence tomography.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Nov 5;62(19):1748-58. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.05.071. Epub 2013 Jun 27.  PMID: 23810884
  9. Virmani V, Khandelwal A, Sethi V, Kielar A, Ryan J, Fasih N. Spectrum of imaging manifestations in non-neoplastic gastric pathologies.  Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2013 Jul-Aug;42(4):127-34. doi: 10.1067/j.cpradiol.2012.11.001. Review.  PMID: 23795991
  10. Portanova A, Hakakian N, Mikulis DJ, Virmani R, Abdalla WM, Wasserman BA. Intracranial vasa vasorum: insights and implications for imaging.  Radiology. 2013 Jun;267(3):667-79. doi: 10.1148/radiol.13112310. Review.  PMID: 23704290
  11. Malle C, Tada T, Steigerwald K, Ughi GJ, Schuster T, Nakano M, Massberg S, Jehle J, Guagliumi G, Kastrati A, Virmani R, Byrne RA, Joner M. Tissue characterization after drug-eluting stent implantation using optical coherence tomography  Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2013 Jun;33(6):1376-83. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.113.301227. Epub 2013 Mar 28.  PMID: 23539216
  12. Károlyi M, Seifarth H, Liew G, Schlett CL, Maurovich-Horvat P, Stolzmann P, Dai G, Huang S, Goergen CJ, Nakano M, Otsuka F, Virmani R, Hoffmann U, Sosnovik DE. Classification of coronary atherosclerotic plaques ex vivo with T1, T2, and ultrashort echo time CMR.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Apr;6(4):466-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2012.09.015. Epub 2013 Mar 14.  PMID: 23498670
  13. Narula J, Nakano M, Virmani R, Kolodgie FD, Petersen R, Newcomb R, Malik S, Fuster V, Finn AV. Histopathologic characteristics of atherosclerotic coronary disease and implications of the findings for the invasive and noninvasive detection of vulnerable plaques.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Mar 12;61(10):1041-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2012.10.054.  PMID: 23473409
  14. Prati F, Uemura S, Souteyrand G, Virmani R, Motreff P, Di Vito L, Biondi-Zoccai G, Halperin J, Fuster V, Ozaki Y, Narula J. OCT-based diagnosis and management of STEMI associated with intact fibrous cap.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 Mar;6(3):283-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2012.12.007.  PMID: 23473109
  15. Falk E, Nakano M, Bentzon JF, Finn AV, Virmani R. Update on acute coronary syndromes: the pathologists’ view  Eur Heart J. 2013 Mar;34(10):719-28. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehs411. Epub 2012 Dec 13. Review.  PMID: 23242196
  16. Maurovich-Horvat P, Schlett CL, Alkadhi H, Nakano M, Otsuka F, Stolzmann P, Scheffel H, Ferencik M, Kriegel MF, Seifarth H, Virmani R, Hoffmann U. The napkin-ring sign indicates advanced atherosclerotic lesions in coronary CT angiography.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Dec;5(12):1243-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2012.03.019.  PMID: 23236975
  17. Cheng Y, Yi G, Conditt GB, Sheehy A, Kolodgie FD, Tellez A, Polyakov I, Gu A, Aboodi MS, Wallace-Bradley D, Schuster M, Martens T, Itescu S, Kaluza GL, Basu S, Virmani R, Granada JF, Sherman W. Catheter-based endomyocardial delivery of mesenchymal precursor cells using 3D echo guidance improves cardiac function in a chronic myocardial injury ovine model.  Cell Transplant. 2013;22(12):2299-309. doi: 10.3727/096368912X658016. Epub 2012 Oct 25.  PMID: 23107489
  18. Kang SJ, Nakano M, Virmani R, Song HG, Ahn JM, Kim WJ, Lee JY, Park DW, Lee SW, Kim YH, Lee CW, Park SW, Park SJ. OCT findings in patients with recanalization of organized thrombi in coronary arteries.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Jul;5(7):725-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2012.03.012.  PMID: 22789941
  19. Maldonado N, Kelly-Arnold A, Vengrenyuk Y, Laudier D, Fallon JT, Virmani R, Cardoso L, Weinbaum S. A mechanistic analysis of the role of microcalcifications in atherosclerotic plaque stability: potential implications for plaque rupture.  Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2012 Sep 1;303(5):H619-28. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00036.2012. Epub 2012 Jul 9.  PMID: 22777419
  20. Virmani V, Sethi V, Fasih N, Kielar A. “What is inside this right lower quadrant sac?” Spectrum of computed tomography abnormalities that affect the cecum.  Can Assoc Radiol J. 2013 Nov;64(4):376-86. doi: 10.1016/j.carj.2011.12.008. Epub 2012 May 10. Review.  PMID: 22579338
  21. Maehara A, Cristea E, Mintz GS, Lansky AJ, Dressler O, Biro S, Templin B, Virmani R, de Bruyne B, Serruys PW, Stone GW. Definitions and methodology for the grayscale and radiofrequency intravascular ultrasound and coronary angiographic analyses.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Mar;5(3 Suppl):S1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2011.11.019.  PMID: 22421222
  22. Tearney GJ, Regar E, Akasaka T, Adriaenssens T, Barlis P, Bezerra HG, Bouma B, Bruining N, Cho JM, Chowdhary S, Costa MA, de Silva R, Dijkstra J, Di Mario C, Dudek D, Falk E, Feldman MD, Fitzgerald P, Garcia-Garcia HM, Gonzalo N, Granada JF, Guagliumi G, Holm NR, Honda Y, Ikeno F, Kawasaki M, Kochman J, Koltowski L, Kubo T, Kume T, Kyono H, Lam CC, Lamouche G, Lee DP, Leon MB, Maehara A, Manfrini O, Mintz GS, Mizuno K, Morel MA, Nadkarni S, Okura H, Otake H, Pietrasik A, Prati F, Räber L, Radu MD, Rieber J, Riga M, Rollins A, Rosenberg M, Sirbu V, Serruys PW, Shimada K, Shinke T, Shite J, Siegel E, Sonoda S, Suter M, Takarada S, Tanaka A, Terashima M, Thim T, Uemura S, Ughi GJ, van Beusekom HM, van der Steen AF, van Es GA, van Soest G, Virmani R, Waxman S, Weissman NJ, Weisz G; International Working Group for Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography (IWG-IVOCT). Consensus standards for acquisition, measurement, and reporting of intravascular optical coherence tomography studies: a report from the International Working Group for Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Standardization and Validation.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Mar 20;59(12):1058-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2011.09.079. Erratum in: J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 May 1;59(18):1662. Dudeck, Darius [corrected to Dudek, Darius]; Falk, Erlin [corrected to Falk, Erling]; Garcia, Hector [corrected to Garcia-Garcia, Hector M]; Sonada, Shinjo [corrected to Sonoda, Shinjo]; Troels, Thim [corrected to Thim, Troels]; van Es, Gerrit-Ann [corrected to van Es, Gerrit-Anne].   PMID: 22421299
  23. Nakano M, Vorpahl M, Otsuka F, Taniwaki M, Yazdani SK, Finn AV, Ladich ER, Kolodgie FD, Virmani R. Ex vivo assessment of vascular response to coronary stents by optical frequency domain imaging.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Jan;5(1):71-82. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2011.09.015.  PMID: 22239896
  24. Guagliumi G, Sirbu V, Musumeci G, Gerber R, Biondi-Zoccai G, Ikejima H, Ladich E, Lortkipanidze N, Matiashvili A, Valsecchi O, Virmani R, Stone GW. Examination of the in vivo mechanisms of late drug-eluting stent thrombosis: findings from optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound imaging.  JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2012 Jan;5(1):12-20. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2011.09.018.  PMID: 22230145
  25. Nakano M, Vorpahl M, Otsuka F, Virmani R. Optical frequency domain imaging of stent fracture and coronary dissection associated with intraplaque hemorrhage.  JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Sep;4(9):1047-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2011.05.020. No abstract available.   PMID: 21939948
  26. Vorpahl M, Foerst JR, Kelm M, Kaplan AV, Virmani R, Ball T. The complementary role of microCT and histopathology in characterizing the natural history of stented arteries.  Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2011 Jul;9(7):939-48. doi: 10.1586/erc.11.81. Review.  PMID: 21809975
  27. Larsen K, Cheng C, Tempel D, Parker S, Yazdani S, den Dekker WK, Houtgraaf JH, de Jong R, Swager-ten Hoor S, Ligtenberg E, Hanson SR, Rowland S, Kolodgie F, Serruys PW, Virmani R, Duckers HJ. Capture of circulatory endothelial progenitor cells and accelerated re-endothelialization of a bio-engineered stent in human ex vivo shunt and rabbit denudation model.  Eur Heart J. 2012 Jan;33(1):120-8. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehr196. Epub 2011 Jul 6.  PMID: 21733913
  28. Gogas BD, Radu M, Onuma Y, Perkins L, Powers JC, Gomez-Lara J, Farooq V, Garcia-Garcia HM, Diletti R, Rapoza R, Virmani R, Serruys PW. Evaluation with in vivo optical coherence tomography and histology of the vascular effects of the everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold at two years following implantation in a healthy porcine coronary artery model: implications of pilot results for future pre-clinical studies.  Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Mar;28(3):499-511. doi: 10.1007/s10554-011-9860-z. Epub 2011 Apr 19 PMID: 21503708
  29. Michel JB, Virmani R, Arbustini E, Pasterkamp G. Intraplaque haemorrhages as the trigger of plaque vulnerability.  Eur Heart J. 2011 Aug;32(16):1977-85, 1985a, 1985b, 1985c. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehr054. Epub 2011 Mar 12. Review.  PMID: 21398643
  30. Finn AV, Kolodgie FD, Nakano M, Virmani R. The differences between neovascularization of chronic total occlusion and intraplaque angiogenesis.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010 Aug;3(8):806-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2010.03.011. No abstract available.   PMID: 20705259
  31. Rudd JH, Narula J, Strauss HW, Virmani R, Machac J, Klimas M, Tahara N, Fuster V, Warburton EA, Fayad ZA, Tawakol AA.  Imaging atherosclerotic plaque inflammation by fluorodeoxyglucose with positron emission tomography: ready for prime time? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Jun 8;55(23):2527-35. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2009.12.061. Review.  PMID: 20513592
  32. Waxman S, Freilich MI, Suter MJ, Shishkov M, Bilazarian S, Virmani R, Bouma BE, Tearney GJ. A case of lipid core plaque progression and rupture at the edge of a coronary stent: elucidating the mechanisms of drug-eluting stent failure.  Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Apr;3(2):193-6. doi: 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.109.917955. No abstract available.   PMID: 20407116
  33. Bekkers SC, Yazdani SK, Virmani R, Waltenberger J. Microvascular obstruction: underlying pathophysiology and clinical diagnosis.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Apr 20;55(16):1649-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2009.12.037. Review.  PMID: 20394867
  34. Murata A, Wallace-Bradley D, Tellez A, Alviar C, Aboodi M, Sheehy A, Coleman L, Perkins L, Nakazawa G, Mintz G, Kaluza GL, Virmani R, Granada JF. Accuracy of optical coherence tomography in the evaluation of neointimal coverage after stent implantation.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010 Jan;3(1):76-84. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2009.09.018. Epub 2010 Jan 12.  PMID: 20129535
  35. Cruise GM, Rivera EA, Jones RM, Vestal M, Virmani R, Ding YH, Kallmes DF. A comparison of experimental aneurysm occlusion determination by angiography, scanning electron microscopy, MICROFIL perfusion, and histology.  J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2009 Nov;91(2):669-78. doi: 10.1002/jbm.b.31443.  PMID: 19582862
  36. Guagliumi G, Virmani R. The race to achieve the gold standard in coronary imaging.  Rev Esp Cardiol. 2009 Jun;62(6):599-602. English, Spanish. No abstract available.   PMID: 19480754
  37. Nakazawa G, Vorpahl M, Finn AV, Narula J, Virmani R.  One step forward and two steps back with drug-eluting-stents: from preventing restenosis to causing late thrombosis and nouveau atherosclerosis.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2009 May;2(5):625-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2009.01.011. No abstract available. PMID: 19442951
  38. Gardner CM, Tan H, Hull EL, Lisauskas JB, Sum ST, Meese TM, Jiang C, Madden SP, Caplan JD, Burke AP, Virmani R, Goldstein J, Muller JE. Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system.  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2008 Sep;1(5):638-48. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2008.06.001.  PMID: 19356494
  39. Finn AV, Nakazawa G, Ladich E, Kolodgie FD, Virmani R. Does underlying plaque morphology play a role in vessel healing after drug-eluting stent implantation?  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2008 Jul;1(4):485-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2008.04.007. No abstract available.   PMID: 19356471
  40. Tahara N, Imaizumi T, Virmani R, Narula J. Clinical feasibility of molecular imaging of plaque inflammation in atherosclerosis.  J Nucl Med. 2009 Mar;50(3):331-4. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.108.060376. Epub 2009 Feb 17. Review.  PMID: 19223412
  41. Nasu K, Tsuchikane E, Katoh O, Vince DG, Margolis PM, Virmani R, Surmely JF, Ehara M, Kinoshita Y, Fujita H, Kimura M, Asakura K, Asakura Y, Matsubara T, Terashima M, Suzuki T.  Impact of intramural thrombus in coronary arteries on the accuracy of tissue characterization by in vivo intravascular ultrasound radiofrequency data analysis.  Am J Cardiol. 2008 Apr 15;101(8):1079-83. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.11.064. Epub 2008 Feb 11.  PMID: 18394436
  42. König A, Margolis MP, Virmani R, Holmes D, Klauss V. Technology insight: in vivo coronary plaque classification by intravascular ultrasonography radiofrequency analysis.  Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med. 2008 Apr;5(4):219-29. doi: 10.1038/ncpcardio1123. Epub 2008 Feb 26. Review.  PMID: 18301388
  43. Hashemi SM, Ghods S, Kolodgie FD, Parcham-Azad K, Keane M, Hamamdzic D, Young R, Rippy MK, Virmani R, Litt H, Wilensky RL.  A placebo controlled, dose-ranging, safety study of allogenic mesenchymal stem cells injected by endomyocardial delivery after an acute myocardial infarction.  Eur Heart J. 2008 Jan;29(2):251-9. Epub 2007 Dec 11.  PMID: 18073226
  44. Sarai M, Hartung D, Petrov A, Zhou J, Narula N, Hofstra L, Kolodgie F, Isobe S, Fujimoto S, Vanderheyden JL, Virmani R, Reutelingsperger C, Wong ND, Gupta S, Narula J. Broad and specific caspase inhibitor-induced acute repression of apoptosis in atherosclerotic lesions evaluated by radiolabeled annexin A5 imaging.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Dec 11;50(24):2305-12. Epub 2007 Nov 26.  PMID: 18068039
  45. Motoyama S, Kondo T, Sarai M, Sugiura A, Harigaya H, Sato T, Inoue K, Okumura M, Ishii J, Anno H, Virmani R, Ozaki Y, Hishida H, Narula J. Multislice computed tomographic characteristics of coronary lesions in acute coronary syndromes.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Jul 24;50(4):319-26. Epub 2007 Jul 6.  PMID: 17659199
  46. Kolodgie FD, Narula J, Yuan C, Burke AP, Finn AV, Virmani R.  Elimination of neoangiogenesis for plaque stabilization: is there a role for local drug therapy?  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 May 29;49(21):2093-101. Epub 2007 May 17. Review.  PMID: 17531658
  47. Vengrenyuk Y, Carlier S, Xanthos S, Cardoso L, Ganatos P, Virmani R, Einav S, Gilchrist L, Weinbaum S.  A hypothesis for vulnerable plaque rupture due to stress-induced debonding around cellular microcalcifications in thin fibrous caps.  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Oct 3;103(40):14678-83. Epub 2006 Sep 26.  PMID: 17003118
  48. Pessanha BS, Potter K, Kolodgie FD, Farb A, Kutys R, Mont EK, Burke AP, O’leary TJ, Virmani R. Characterization of intimal changes in coronary artery specimens with MR microscopy.  Radiology. 2006 Oct;241(1):107-15.  PMID: 16990674
  49. Manfrini O, Mont E, Leone O, Arbustini E, Eusebi V, Virmani R, Bugiardini R. Sources of error and interpretation of plaque morphology by optical coherence tomography.  Am J Cardiol. 2006 Jul 15;98(2):156-9. Epub 2006 May 19. Erratum in: Am J Cardiol. 2007 May 1;99(9):1350.  PMID: 16828584
  50. Wasserman BA, Wityk RJ, Trout HH 3rd, Virmani R. Low-grade carotid stenosis: looking beyond the lumen with MRI.  Stroke. 2005 Nov;36(11):2504-13. Epub 2005 Oct 20. Review.  PMID: 16239630
  51. Schneiderman J, Wilensky RL, Weiss A, Samouha E, Muchnik L, Chen-Zion M, Ilovitch M, Golan E, Blank A, Flugelman M, Rozenman Y, Virmani R. Diagnosis of thin-cap fibroatheromas by a self-contained intravascular magnetic resonance imaging probe in ex vivo human aortas and in situ coronary arteries.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Jun 21;45(12):1961-9.  PMID: 15963393
  52. Regar E, Schaar JA, Mont E, Virmani R, Serruys PW. Optical coherence tomography.  Cardiovasc Radiat Med. 2003 Oct-Dec;4(4):198-204. Review.  PMID: 15321058
  53. Johnson LL, Schofield LM, Weber DK, Kolodgie F, Virmani R, Khaw BA. Uptake of 111In-Z2D3 on SPECT imaging in a swine model of coronary stent restenosis correlated with cell proliferation.  J Nucl Med. 2004 Feb;45(2):294-9.  PMID: 14960651
  54. Cejna M, Virmani R, Jones R, Bergmeister H, Losert U, Xu Z, Yang P, Schoder M, Lammer J. Biocompatibility and performance of the Wallstent and several covered stents in a sheep iliac artery model.  J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2001 Mar;12(3):351-8.  PMID: 11287514
  55. Schmermund A, Schwartz RS, Adamzik M, Sangiorgi G, Pfeifer EA, Rumberger JA, Burke AP, Farb A, Virmani R. Coronary atherosclerosis in unheralded sudden coronary death under age 50: histo-pathologic comparison with ‘healthy’ subjects dying out of hospital.  Atherosclerosis. 2001 Apr;155(2):499-508.  PMID: 11254922
  56. Johnson LL, Schofield LM, Verdesca SA, Sharaf BL, Jones RM, Virmani R, Khaw BA. In vivo uptake of radiolabeled antibody to proliferating smooth muscle cells in a swine model of coronary stent restenosis.  J Nucl Med. 2000 Sep;41(9):1535-40.  PMID: 10994735
  57. Taylor AJ, Burke AP, O’Malley PG, Farb A, Malcom GT, Smialek J, Virmani R. A comparison of the Framingham risk index, coronary artery calcification, and culprit plaque morphology in sudden cardiac death.  Circulation. 2000 Mar 21;101(11):1243-8.  PMID: 10725282
  58. Kwon HM, Sangiorgi G, Ritman EL, Lerman A, McKenna C, Virmani R, Edwards WD, Holmes DR, Schwartz RS.  Adventitial vasa vasorum in balloon-injured coronary arteries: visualization and quantitation by a microscopic three-dimensional computed tomography technique.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Dec;32(7):2072-9.   PMID: 9857895
  59. Matar FA, Mintz GS, Douek P, Farb A, Virmani R, Javier SP, Popma JJ, Pichard AD, Kent KM, Satler LF, et al.  Coronary artery lumen volume measurement using three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound: validation of a new technique.  Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1994 Nov;33(3):214-20.  PMID: 7874714
  60. Buller CE, Davidson CJ, Virmani R, Kisslo K, Sheikh KH, Stack RS.  Real-time assessment of experimental arterial angioplasty with transvenous intravascular ultrasound.   J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Jan;19(1):217-22.  PMID: 1530853
  61. Forman MB, Wilson BH, Sheller JR, Kopelman HA, Vaughn WK, Virmani R, Friesinger GC.  Right ventricular hypertrophy is an important determinant of right ventricular infarction complicating acute inferior left ventricular infarction.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987 Dec;10(6):1180-7.  PMID: 2960725